OISD (Oil Industry Safety Directorate) is a
technical directorate under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas that
formulates and coordinates the implementation of a series of self-regulatory
measures aimed at enhancing the safety in the oil & gas industry in India.
Activities of Exploration & Production (E&P) Group
The Petroleum & Natural Gas (Safety in
Offshore Operations) Rules, 2008 were notified by Govt. of India in June, 2008
for regulation of safety in offshore exploration, exploitation, conservation
& management of Petroleum and Natural Gas and matter connected therewith.
OISD has been designated as competent
authority to exercise powers and functions as stipulated in Petroleum &
Natural Gas (Safety in Offshore Operations) Rules, in June 2008.
Guidance notes for P&NG Rules have been
prepared and provided to companies.
As competent authority, OISD carries out
supervision of safety of offshore installations by means of consents,
investigations, verifications and safety audits.
Oil Mines Regulations, 1984 (Specific to
E&P Industry) framed under provisions of The Mines Act, 1952, have been
revised in August 2017. These Rules are enforced by the Directorate General of
Mines Safety (DGMS) under the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Under the
provisions of the Oil Mines Regulations, 2017, duly notified by Government of
India through a Gazette notification dated 18th August, 2017; 16 Numbers of
OISD standards have been included.
OISD is also designated as the nodal agency
for any disaster affecting the Private Sector Installations. OISD periodically
conducts coordination meetings to review the status of Disaster Management
plans and readiness by these companies.
External Safety Audit
OISD undertakes External Safety Audit of E
& P operations (Onshore/Offshore) of all upstream companies (PSU Companies
and JV’s/Pvt. operators working under PSC) to assess the efficacy of the safety
management system. Methodology comprises of review of documents and interaction
with the concerned personnel besides physical tour of the installations (Production
installation/Drilling rig/Workover rig).
OISD started conducting ESA in November 1994
for upstream industry. Presently there are about 620 installations (543 onshore
and 77 offshore platforms, rigs etc.) and about 238 unmanned platforms for
which ESA’s are being planned based on vintage.
Status of implementation of ESA
recommendations / observations is periodically reviewed in Steering Committee
and Safety Council Meetings.
E&P companies report all incidents to
OISD. All major and fatal incidents are required to be informed to OISD within
24 hours of occurrence. Based on the severity and impact on the system, OISD
carry out investigations of major incidents.
Incident reports are reviewed & analysed.
Recommendations are shared with industry to avoid recurrence of similar
incidents. Safety alerts are also being issued periodically.
Standards/Guidelines/Recommended code of practices
The following 34 standards pertain directly to E&P Operations:
Dissipation of knowledge.
|Sl No ||Standard Code ||Description|
|1||OISD-STD-105 ||Work Permit System.|
|2||OISD-STD-118 ||Layouts for Oil and Gas Installations.|
|3||OISD-STD-129 ||Inspection of Storage Tanks.|
|4||OISD-RP-174 ||Well Control.|
|5||OISD-RP-175 ||Cementing Operations.|
|6||OISD-STD-176 ||Safety Health & Environment Training For Exploration & Production (Upstream) Personnel.|
|7||OISD-STD-181 ||Geophysical Operations.|
|8||OISD-GDN-182 ||Safe Practices for Workover & well Stimulation Operations.|
|9||OISD-STD-183 ||Standard on Logging Operations.|
|10||OISD-STD-184 ||Standard On Replacement Of Personal Protective Equipment And Lifesaving Appliances.|
|11||OISD-STD-185 ||Wire Line Operations.|
|12||OISD-GDN-186 ||Simultaneous Operations in Exploration & Production industry.|
|13||OISD-STD-187 ||Care And Use Of Wire Rope.|
|14||OISD-STD-188 ||Corrosion Monitoring Of Offshore & Onshore Pipelines.|
|15||OISD-STD-189 ||Standard On Fire Fighting Equipment For Drilling Rigs, Work Over Rigs And Production Installations.|
|16||OISD-STD-190 ||Derrick Floor Operations (Onshore Drilling / Workover Rigs).|
|17||OISD-STD-191 ||Oil Field Explosive Safety.|
|18||OISD-GDN-193 ||Guidelines for Gas Lift Operations and Maintenance.|
|19||OISD-RP-201||Environment Management in Exploration & Production Sector.|
|20||OISD-GDN-202||Inspection of Drilling and Workover Rig Mast / Sub-Structure.|
|21||OISD-GDN-203 ||Operation, Maintenance & Inspection Of Hoisting Equipment.|
|22||OISD-GDN-204 ||Medical Requirements, Emergency Evacuation And Facilities (ForUpstream).|
|23||OISD-RP-205 ||Crane Operation, Maintenance and Testing (For upstream).|
|24||OISD-STD-216 ||Electrical Safety In Onshore Drilling And Workover Rigs.|
|25||OISD-GDN-218 ||Guidelines For Safe Rig- Up And Rig- Down Of Drilling And Work Over Rigs.|
|26||OISD-GDN-219 ||Guidelines on Field Inspection, Handling and Testing of Casing Pipe & Tubing.|
|27||OISD-GDN-227 ||Emergency Response and Preparedness in E&P Industry.|
|28||OISD-STD-231 ||Sucker Rod Pumping Units.|
|29||OISD-GDN-232 ||Identification of hazards and control measures in E&P Industry.|
|30||OISD-GDN-233 ||Guidelines on inspection of on land non-piggable pipeline.|
|31||OISD-STD-234 ||Electrical Safety in Onshore Production Installations in E&P Sector.|
|32||OISD-RP-238 ||Well Integrity.|
|33||OISD-GDN-239 ||Guidelines on Annular Casing Pressure Management For Onshore Wells.|
|34||OISD-RP-243 ||Recommended practices on Coal Bed Methane Operations.|
- Many Oil fields have reached a stage where
facilities need to be decommissioned due to the decline in production and
the fields not being economically viable. FIPI (Federation of Indian
Petroleum Industry) organized a workshop on ‘Decommissioning and
Abandonment of Oil and gas facilities’ on 5th September 2018 which
was supported by OISD .
- A workshop on Asset Integrity and Safety in
E&P was organized by OISD on 4th and 5th
- Managing risk in E&P is more challenging
than in other industries. Risk management is the culmination of wealth of
technical knowledge & vision of the organization. Knowledge stimulates
the control of risk during heterogenic environmental operations in
exploring Oil & Gas. Workshop on Emerging Risks in Oil Field Industry
- Lessons learnt from past accidents was held at OISD on 27th and 28th
December 2016 with an aim to focus on regulations & risks associated
throughout life cycle of the project. Speakers from BGEPIL, ONGC, CAIRN,
IDT, OISD, OIL, DUPONT & DWDSPL presented technical papers on all the
facets of risk management. Feedback from the participants has been
positive with an average rating of 90.2% with a suggestion that more
youngsters to participate.
- Workshop on 'Well Integrity' was organized by
OISD on 25th and 26th November 2013. Speakers from ONGC, OIL, RIL, BGEPIL,
CAIRN and Transocean presented technical papers on all the facets of 'Well
Integrity'. Three expatriate speakers presented papers on 'Well integrity
system', 'Sustained casing Pressure Management' and 'API Standard 53'.
Feedback from the participants has been very positive with 90%
participants rating the workshop as excellent.
- Under the MOU between OISD and Bureau of
Safety and Environment Enforcement (BSEE), Department of Interior, USA, a
team of experts from BSEE, and OISD discussed from 18th to 20th January
2012 on structures uprightness in offshore installations and technical
variations in regulatory requirements and areas for future cooperation.
- Interactive Workshop on Safety Critical Issues
in Onland E&P Operations was organized on 23rd September, 2011 for
E&P Pvt. / JV operators. Issues emerged during the external safety
audits by OISD (well control training and rig equipment verification;
health assessment of equipment in production installations; managing
contractors operations through bridging document; risk assessment study;
and work permit system) were deliberated in the workshop.
- Workshop on 'Asset integrity in E&P
Sector' was organized by OISD on 24-25th February, 2011. Focus was on
asset integrity management challenges, and tools used by companies with
case studies. Experts from the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management,
Regulation & Enforcement (BOEMRE), USA participated and provided the
prevailing international practices.
- Workshop on "Offshore Safety" was
conducted by OISD on 25th and 26th February, 2010 in association with
Minerals Management Service (MMS), Department of the Interior, USA. The
workshop focused on bringing out critical safety issues and MMS provided
the prevailing international practices and in particular to the Gulf of
- Seven OISD officers visited MMS, USA in
February, 2009 for ability building, knowledge sharing and developing
regulatory setup for offshore safety.
- "Risk Based Safety Management" workshop was organized for the
industry in December, 2008.
New / Revision code of practices
- OISD-STD-184 : Standard On Replacement of Personal Protective Equipment and Lifesaving Appliances.
- OISD-RP-205 : Crane operations, Maintenance and testing(for upstream)
- OISD-RP-242 : Recommended practices for Drilling and Testing of HPHT wells