Marketing & Operations (MO)

Marketing Operation group commenced functioning in 1986 i.e.since inception of Oil Industry Safety Directorate under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.

Marketing Operations involve management of the supply chain ensuring that the national petroleum production - 238 MMT in 2016-17 is met on time at the most optimum placement cost all across the country while maintaining the highest standards of safety.   Towards this end, supply chain nodes had been set up to link the producing refineries with the consumptions centres via multi-modal transport systems like Pipelines, Railway Tank Wagons and Road Tank Trucks.   These nodes includes Terminal / Installations / Depots, Aviation Fuelling Stations, LPG Bottling Plants, Lube Blending / Small Can Filling Plants, Port based Import/ Export facility, Refrigerated LPG storage facilities etc. These locations receive products / inputs in bulk through the transport mode/s mentioned above; keep them in safe custody and transfer them to market friendly packages through specially designed filling systems. Most of these nodes are equipped with automated systems ensuring fail-safe, efficient and user friendly operations..  

The national demand is met through 322 Terminal / Installations/Depots, 189 LPG Bottling Plants, 211 Aviation Fuelling Stations/Service Facilities and 25 Lube Blending Plants set all across the country (PSU + Pvt). In this process, a total LPG Bottling capacity of 16,264 TMTPA had been created with LPG tankage of 3,61,982 MT. Similarly, POL Tankage of around 14,000 TKL had also been created.


The typical operating blocks of POL installations are :

  1.  Tank Farm
  2.   Cross Country Pipeline custody transfer point
  3. Tank Wagon / Tank  Truck Loading / Unloading Facilities
  4.  Product Pump House
  5.   Fire Pump House, Fire Hydrant & other firefighting facilities
  6.  Quality Control Lab.
  7.  Electrical systems including Incoming, Distribution and PMCC
  8.  Control Room for TFMS, LRCS (in case of automated locations), S&D functions and ERP systems
  9.  Cathodic Protection systems
  10.  Storm water drainage / Effluent collection, treatment and disposal system.

 Similarly, the typical operating blocks of LPG Bottling Plants are:

  1. Bulk Storage Vessels
  2.  Cross Country Pipeline custody transfer point
  3.  LPG Bulk Tank Wagon / Tank Truck  loading/unloading Facilities
  4. Cylinder Filling Shed
  5. Cylinder Storage Shed
  6.  Product Pump / Compressor  and air compressor House
  7.  Cylinder evacuation & Valve change facility
  8.  Fire Pump House, Fire Hydrant & other fire fighting facilities
  9. Electrical systems including Incoming, Distribution and PMCC
  10.  Storm water drainage / Effluent collection, treatment and disposal system.
  11. Control room with HC detection and Fire alarm annunciation system
  12.  Cathodic protection systems

Key differentiating features of Marketing Operations systems (as against Refineries) are:

  1.  Operation in discrete shifts (as opposed to 24X7 operating style of Refineries / Pipelines)
  2.  Variation in work load in tune with market demand.
  3.  Ingress of third party vehicles & personnel and engagement of contractors’ labour all through the working shifts, thereby increasing process variability.
  4. Unavailability of regular employees in non-working shifts.
  5. Human habitation in close proximity of the locations with nominal buffer space. 
  6.  Absence of active source of ignition within location’s licensed area.


Out of all the Standards (STD)/ Guidelines (GDN)/ Recommended Practices (RP) of OISD, the following critically pertain to marketing operations; the list, needless to mention, is only indicative and not exhaustive. Critical issues covered in other relevant OISD STD/GDN/RPs e.g. OISD-STD-105 (Work Permit), OISD-STD-110 (Static Electricity), OISD-GDN-115 (Fire Fighting Equipment), OISD-STD-118 (Layout), OISD-STD-137 (Insp. of Elec. Equipment), OISD-STD-142 (Insp. Of fire fighting Equipment), OISD-GDN-145 (Internal Safety Audit), OISD-GDN-178 (Management of Change) remain applicable for marketing operations as well (in addition to other type of locations included in the scope of the said standards). Users are strongly advised to refer to ALL, repeat, ALL OISD Standards / Guidelines / Recommended practice before arriving at any conclusion.


A.   Design & Layout


S.No.
Standard No.
Standard Name
1

OISD-STD-144

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Installations

2

OISD-STD-150

Design and Safety Requirements for Liquefied petroleum Gas Mounded Storage Facility.
3

OISD-STD-151

Safety in Design, Fabrication and Fittings: Propane Tank Trucks
4

OISD-STD-159

LPG Tank Trucks: Requirements of Safety on Design / Fabrication and Fittings
5

OISD-STD-160

Protection to fittings mounted on existing LPG Tank Trucks
6

OISD-RP-167

POL Tank Lorry Design & Safety
7

OISD-STD-169

OISD Guidelines on Small LPG Bottling Plants (Design and Fire protection facilities)

8

OISD-STD-210

Storage, Handling and Refueling of LPG for Automotive use

B. Operating Practices


S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-RP-108

Recommended Practices on Oil Storage and Handling
2

OISD-RP-157

Recommended Practices for Transportation of Bulk Petroleum Products
3

OISD-RP-158

Recommended Practices on Oil Storage and Handling of Bulk Liquefied Petroleum Products
4

OISD-STD-162

Safety in Installations and maintenance of LPG Cylinders Manifold
5

OISD-STD-211

Safety in Petroleum laboratories
6

OISD-STD-225

Storage, Handling & Dispensing at Petroleum Retail Outlets


C. Environmental Protection

S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-GDN-168

Emergency Preparedness Plan for Marketing Locations of Oil Industry

D. Safety & Fire Protection

S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-STD-117

Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Depots, Terminals Pipelines Installations and Lube Installations
2

OISD-STD-156

Fire Protection Facilities for Ports Handling Hydrocarbons

E. Miscellaneous

S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-GDN-145

Guidelines on Internal Safety Audits (Procedure and Checklist)
2

OISD-GDN-161

LPG Tank Truck Incident : Rescue & Relief Operations
3

OISD-GDN-165

Guidelines for Rescue & Relief Operations for POL Tank Truck Accident

The important documents referred to in the context of safety in Marketing Operations locations include:

  • QRA report / HAZOP Study report – findings and implementation.
  •   PESO approved drawings
  •  Mutual Aid and Emergency Response & Disaster Management  Plans.

Although the overall status of all OISD STD/ GDN /RPs are advisory in nature, 9 OISD Standards (indicated below) had become mandatory in Marketing Operations

area by virtue of their having been included in the following statutory regulations:

    Petroleum Rules, 2002

    Gas Cylinder Rules, 2016

    Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 2016

List of 6 Nos. Standards included in Petroleum Rules, 2002

S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-STD-105

Work Permit System
2

OISD-STD-116

Fire protection Facilities for Petroleum Refineries and Oil/Gas processing Plants
3

OISD-STD-117

Fire Protection Facilities for Petroleum Depots, Terminals, Pipeline Installations & Lube Oil Installations
4

OISD-STD-118

Layouts for Oil & Gas Installations
5

OISD-STD-141

Design & Construction Requirements for Cross Country Hydrocarbon Pipelines
6

OISD-STD-156

Fire Protection Facilities for Ports Handling Hydrocarbons

List of 2 Nos. Standards included in Gas Cylinder Rules, 2004

S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-STD-144

Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Installations
2

OISD-STD-169

OISD Guidelines on Small LPG Bottling Plants (Design and Fire Protection Facilities)

List of 1 No. Standards included in The Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Rules, 2016.

S.No.

Standard No.

Standard Name
1

OISD-STD-150

Design and Safety Requirements for Liquefied petroleum Gas Mounded Storage Facility

The core functions of Marketing Operations include:

Identification and development of OISD standards for varied functions pertaining to the storage, transportation, handling and retailing of Petroleum Oil & Lubricants (POL)

& Liquefied Petroleum Gas.

Review of existing OISD standards for amendment or revision based on technological improvements for up-gradation of safety standard.

Conducting Pre-commissioning Safety Audit (PCSA) of newly built-up locations and addition / modifications of facilities in existing locations to ensure ab-initio compliance of

such facilities to OISD standards.

Conducting External Safety Audits (ESA) of existing locations to assess in-depth their conformance status vis-a-vis relevant OISD standards and identifying areas

where further corrective action is necessary.

Conducting Surprise Safety Audits (SSA) of existing locations as a walk through audit to assess the operational readiness of the location in so far as adequacy and capability

of the location in tackling exigencies are concerned.

Assistance to Marketing functions of Oil Companies with respect to any technical issues pertaining to process safety.

Compilation of accident / incident data and reporting of major incidents to MoP&NG with respect to Marketing Operations locations.

Monitoring compliance of recommendations of ESA/SSA and maintaining follow up for expeditious liquidation of pending audit points.

Investigation of major incidents and firming up recommendations for mitigating recurrence of such incidents.

The Safety performance evaluation of PSU Marketing Locations for OISD Annual Safety Award.

Conducting workshop/seminars/conference to enhance safety awareness of Oil Industry Marketing personnel.

Total audits carried out by the Marketing Operations group in the last three years are as under:


Audit  Type
Category
2013-14
2014-15
2015-16
2016-17
ESA & SSA
POL
48292656
ESA & SSA
LPG
30
242337
PCSA
POL
18
264316
PCSA
LPG
04
100605

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